Under Montana law, there are specific limits on legal actions regarding medical malpractice cases. These limits are intended to clarify the definition of medical malpractice. They also establish time limits during which legal actions are permitted to take place.
The term "wrong-site surgery" is often used to describe surgical procedures that happen on the wrong part of the body, though it is also used when the wrong procedure is done or when a procedure is done on the wrong person. This can be a cause for medical malpractice lawsuits in Montana and nationwide. The Pennsylvania Patient Safety Authority has provided data indicating a lack of decline in wrong-site surgeries as well as some of the potential reasons why it continues to be a problem in hospitals around the country.