The concept underlying product safety is that companies are responsible for ensuring the effectiveness and safe operation of the products they sell to the public. This basis of trust can be undermined, however, by a negligent manufacturer who knowingly or inadvertently makes an inherently dangerous product as a result of a design defect.
Recent explosive train derailments have put safety concerns in the oil industry back in the limelight. Just Last year, 47 people died when a train carrying oil derailed in Quebec. Issues have been raised over shipping oil by rail and inaccurate labeling of containers. Recently, the Department of Transportation cited three large oil companies for mislabeling their crude oil tanker cars. Of the 18 samples taken from cargo tanks, 11 were found to be mislabeled. The department’s Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration fined the three companies $93,000.