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Cok Kinzler PLLP

Traumatic brain injuries: causes and types

Traumatic brain injuries refer to any injuries that disrupt normal brain function. They can be caused by a blow to the head, by having the head violently shaken or by having something penetrate the skull. Montana residents should know that there are various causes of TBIs and many degrees of severity.

Across all ages, falls are the number one cause of TBIs. Motor vehicle accidents are behind most TBI-related deaths in particular. TBIs also occur when workers are struck against a hard surface or incur a blast injury. It should be kept in mind that stroke does not cause TBIs; the two may simultaneously occur, though.

TBIs can be mild, moderate or severe. Mild TBIs are called concussions and may or may not result in unconsciousness. In more serious cases, the brain can suffer bruising (a contusion), or a blood vessel between the brain and skull may rupture and bleed (intracranial hematoma). The brain may even be penetrated by a piece of a skull upon being fractured.

A good rule of thumb when encountering a TBI victim is to call for an ambulance if the person has lost consciousness. From there, the victim may be sent to a hospital or trauma center. Those with severe TBIs may require surgery and, afterwards, acute rehab.

Brain injuries can have long-term effects, which means continual medical care. Fortunately, those who were injured through no fault of their own have the chance to file a claim against the responsible party. If successful, victims and their families may be compensated for past, present and future medical expenses, including the cost of rehabilitative care and special medical equipment; pain and suffering; lost wages; and other losses. It might be a good idea to consult a lawyer before pursuing a case.

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