An injury to the brain is always serious, but people in Montana should understand that not all brain injuries are the same. They can vary in severity due to the cause of the injury as well as the type and impact of force, and the effects of a brain injury can vary greatly as well.
According to WebMD, there are two types of brain damage. One is acquired brain injury, which is commonly related to brain pressure. This type of damage takes place at the cellular level and some of the causes are stroke, tumors, degenerative diseases and other non-force causes. The other type of harm to the brain is traumatic brain injury, which happens when a force strikes the head which causes the brain to move and retain damage.
The Brain Injury Alliance of Utah reports that concussion is a common form of traumatic brain injury. A concussion can happen from violent shaking, whiplash, getting hit on the head or a gunshot wound.
The effects of a concussion or other brain injury can range from mild to severe. With a mild injury, tests may appear normal, but the person has a change in mental status such as confusion or loss of consciousness. With a moderate injury, the person loses consciousness, experiences confusion for days and has long-lasting impairments such as behavioral or physical.
A severe injury typically occurs due to a penetrating wound or devastating blow to the head. Treatment of this type of damage includes specialized care and long hospital stays. Even with long-term rehabilitation, a person with severe TBI will not usually fully recover.