Montana residents may know that the effects of traumatic brain injuries are varied. One such effect may be the loss of the ability to move the muscles of the tongue and lips to form words. When this happens, the words may be distorted, or a very different word might be substituted.
The area of the brain that controls such movement normally sends nerve signals to a particular muscle telling it to move. If that signal is impeded, the muscle never gets the message despite being strong and healthy enough to do the required task. This type of brain injury is referred to as apraxia.
In some individuals, apraxia might be associated with weakness of the muscle that helps to form words, resulting in dysarthria. It may also be linked to aphasia, which results from a brain injury to the part of the brain that controls language.
Recognizing apraxia consists of hearing mistakes in speech on an ongoing basis. The individual often notices such errors and speaks at a slower rate to compensate. Often, the individual will repeat the word in an attempt to say it correctly. For some individuals, the ability to speak is completely eroded.
Traumatic brain injury occurs when an individual suffers a head injury. The cause of the injury may vary from striking one's head in a car accident or by tripping over debris in a market. When the area that controls tongue and mouth movement is affected, apraxia may result. This may interfere with work-related activities and necessitate medical treatment and rehabilitation.
If an accident is due to another individual's negligence, consulting an attorney may be helpful. The attorney may review the accident data and file a personal injury lawsuit in civil court to recover pecuniary damages associated with the injury.