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Long-term care and rehospitalization rates for brain injuries

Victims of brain injuries in Montana face higher overall medical and rehabilitation costs than those with other types of injuries. As the associated costs are so high, insurance companies have reacted by slashing the number of days people are initially hospitalized as well as the amount of time spent in rehabilitation for the injuries.

The Brain Injury Association of America reported that 20 percent of all people who suffer from a traumatic brain injury will be rehospitalized within one to three years following the injury. The study on which they reported looked at data from 655 individuals who were victims of brain injuries.

The hospitalizations were broken down into those deemed elective and those deemed nonelective. Elective hospitalizations involved those for needed joint or bone surgery and reconstructive surgeries. Nonelective hospitalizations occurred due to problems such as seizures, mental health disorders, nervous system disorders and infections. The high rates of rehospitalization for brain-injured people demonstrate a need to take potential future rehospitalization into account when trying to determine the potential long term costs of the brain injury.

When people receive traumatic brain injuries in an accident, they may face a lifetime of devastating associated problems in addition to significant care and treatment costs. Those who are the victims of traumatic brain injuries may have difficulty with cognitive tasks, self-care, speaking, walking or talking. They may require round-the-clock assistance due to the injury. If another person's negligence caused the traumatic brain injury, the victim may be able to hold the negligent person liable by filing a personal injury lawsuit against him or her. Through a lawsuit, a victim may be able to receive compensation for the economic and noneconomic losses he or she suffered. When determining potential damages, a careful analysis of expected future costs should be completed, including the likely costs of future rehospitalizations.

Source: Brain Injury Association of America, "Rehospitalization Rates: 20% for Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injuries", December 06, 2014

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