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Understanding traumatic brain injuries

Montana residents may benefit from learning more about traumatic brain injuries, as described by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. The NINDS defines the injury, commonly referred to as TBI, as sudden trauma that damages brain tissue. The damage is often the result of a violent blow to the head that occurs suddenly. The injury may also be caused by an object penetrating the skull and coming into direct contact with the victim's brain tissue.

The symptoms for this injury are typically classified as mild, moderate or severe. Some of the symptoms of mild TBI include dizziness, lightheadedness, confusion, fatigue, disrupted sleeping patterns, blurred vision and sudden mood changes as well as impaired, thinking, attention, concentration or memory. Some people suffering these injuries may lose consciousness for a few seconds or a few minutes, but others may be able to retain consciousness.

People who suffer moderate or severe TBI often exhibit many of the same symptoms, accompanied by a persistent or worsening headache. Some of the other aggravated symptoms associated with moderate to severe TBI include slurred speech, numbness or weakness in the extremities, agitation, impaired coordination, persistent nausea, repetitive vomiting and seizures, among others. People suffering from a TBI injury are advised to seek medical attention as soon as possible. The injuries are often irreversible, so physicians typically focus on stabilizing the patient and minimizing any further damage.

People suffering from a traumatic brain injury brought on by someone else may be entitled to receive legal restitution to help account for resulting damages. Plaintiffs in these cases typically receive compensation to help account for medical expenses, rehabilitation costs, loss of income and other ensuing hardships.

Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders , "NINDS Traumatic Brain Injury Information Page", October 27, 2014

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